A group of students from the University of Applied Sciences in Augsburg are using Augmented Reality to expand a series of secret paintings created by Paul Klee while he served as the treasurer’s typist at the Royal Bavarian Flying School in the early- to mid- 1900s.
The students created their own application as part of the Master’s course “Interactive Media” in cooperation with the Paul Klee exhibition “Mythos Fliegen” (“The myth of flying”). They choose eleven different pieces of art from the Klee exhibition to enhance with color and animation, with the goal being that visitors should experience something entirely new while visiting the exhibition and still being able to appreciate the original artwork.
The Movin’ Klee application was developed for iOS and Android devices and related animated content is overlaid over images from the real paintings. Due to safety reasons in the exhibition, the AR installation could not be directly integrated into the museum walk through, but is rather set up just outside of the main gallery. The application was well publicized to visitors, and they could even use the museum’s internet connection to download and install the application on site.
Movin’ Klee consists of a native application as well as a Junaio plugin that interface with augmented reality forms. The native apps are written in the corresponding programming languages for Android and iOS. The augmented reality part, which is the located on the Junaio-server channels, is developed in the programming languages PHP, HTML, AREL and jQuery. This channel represents a type of browser where the augmented reality objects (animations) are loaded and played. Britta Diehm, Xiaomeng Jiang, Yue Ma and Kerstin Vierthaler developed the native application as part the project group Movin’Lab.
Kerstin Vierthaler, one of the developers, wrote her master’s thesis on the integration of Augmented Reality into museums and came to an interesting conclusion:
“The study of the animated Movin’ Klee application shows that customers remembered the Augmented Reality related paintings better than non-animated pictures, since animations raise the viewers’ attention and perception. Besides the better memorization of paintings, the rather unknown technology itself was very interesting for the visitors. [...] Furthermore, the intuitive usability makes the application accessible for visitors who are not experienced with applications. [...] The evaluation reveals that it is important to inform the visitor about digital offerings within the exhibition. In addition to the technical challenge the museum’s internal integration and communication plays an important role.”
For more information about Movin’ Klee, please visit their website.